Regarding the early cultivation of Taiwan, apart from the 14 mountain tribes that are familiar to the public, the Pingpu people were those who cultivated the flatlands. In Tainan and the south of Tainan, it was the Siraya, a Pingpu indigenous tribe, who cultivated the area.
Sinicization of the district began when the Chengs settled down here. After mud brick houses were gradually replaced by buildings with a red tile roofs, the place was renamed "Hongwacuo" to signify this change.
In addition, as increased immigrants from Fujian migrated to this place, local buildings displayed a strong Fujian influence.